“Human history began with an act of disobedience, and it is not unlikely that it will be terminated by an act of obedience.” — Erich Fromm
The question of when or if to resist authority is central to organized human life. As Fromm’s comment suggests, the mythic traditions of the Hebrews and Greeks, and their emphasis on acts of defiance against God and gods, cast a long shadow. But as the gods recede, or become more symbolic, debates about the validity, limits, sources, and potential abuses of governmental authority become prominent.
One of our texts, Sophocles’ play Antigone, so effectively frames these issues that the title character’s fierce and principled resistance to her King’s seemingly godlike authority resonates as powerfully today as it did on the Athenian stage. The issues at stake in this play, and in the other works we will discuss, are at stake anywhere that humans connect the grounds for their adherence or resistance to authority on principles that transcend mere appeals to power, expediency, and self-interest. These issues are not unique to particular cultures, periods of history, or forms of government.
In this course, we bring together a diverse collection of philosophical, political, historical and literary texts designed to facilitate and provoke critical exploration of the complicated relationship between authority and resistance. Such exploration is not always easy or welcome because, in much of the world, obedience to authority is thought to bring safety, security, and order, while resistance brings chaos, anxiety, even death. But we will consider where and when resistance might be justified, whether it is a futile and/or destructive impulse; and whether its persistence is evidence of an essential connection to human growth.
We invite you to join us in our attempt to better understand the principles at play where orders are issued, decisions are made, obedience demanded, and resistance ensues.
Image credits for poster:
- Antigone donnant la sépulture à Polynice, by Sebastian Norblin (1825), photo by VladoubidoOo, licensed CC BY-SA 3.0 on Wikimedia Commons
- Che Guevara, public domain on Wikimedia Commons
- Protest sign image, by S Pakhrin, licensed CC BY 2.0 on Flickr
- Big Brother Inc. image, licensed CC BY 2.0 on Flickr
The above poster is licensed CC BY-SA 4.0, by Brianne Orr-Álvarez
[February 26, 2018]
Timetable for ‘Authority and Resistance’.
- Seminar LB1: John Barker (Anthropology)
- Seminar LB2: Robert Crawford (Political Science)
- Seminar LB3: Brianne Orr-Alvarez (French, Hispanic, Italian Studies)
- Seminar LB4: Andrew Connolly (English)
Arts One 2018/19
Authority & Resistance
Book of Exodus
John Milton, Paradise Lost
William Shakespeare, The Tempest
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto
Ernest Hemingway, For Whom the Bell Tolls/Pan’s Labyrinth
Emile Zola, Germinal
Margaret Atwood, The Handmaid’s Tale
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
Michel Foucault, Discipline and punish
Che Guevara Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War and selections of Guerrilla Warfare
Selected “Black Arts Movement” texts, including writings by Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Malcolm X, and Amiri Baraka
Selected poems & sounds of resistance, including Woody Guthrie, Billy Bragg, and William Blake
Franz Kafka, The Trial
Anne Fadiman, The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down
Aravind Adiga, The White Tiger
Alan Moore, V for Vendetta
Shaylih Muehlmann, When I Wear My Alligator Boots
Narco-Culture in the U.S. Mexico Borderlands
Updated: Aug 3rd, 2018